The principle of the Diamond Head gas combustion is based on the internal recirculation of the combustion flue gases. These are partially drawn into the base of the flame via triangular openings positioned at the end of the combustion head. The position and geometry of the gas injectors are such that a significant quantity of combustion flue gas is drawn in and rapidly mixed with air and gas at the root of the flame. This mixture crosses the main reaction area, slowing the combustion, which resulted in lowering the main flame temperature. The result of this staging combustion is a significant reduction in the formation of thermal nitrogen oxides.
The advantage of this internal recirculation technique is an automatic adjustment to the quantity of recycled combustion flue gases: the volume of the flame is always as low as possible, which has a very minor effect on the nominal power of the generator, unlike external recirculation systems.